Wednesday, August 20, 2014

typical Indonesian medicinal plants ( 1 )

As a tropical country that has the largest area of ​​tropical forests, Indonesia is also rich in plants that can cure various diseases. In Indonesian medicinal plants commonly called the "Herbal". To recognize the medicinal plants, of which the following is.


Wild Ginger (Curcuma Roxb xanthorhiza) were included in the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), Wild Ginger is a medicinal plant native to Indonesia. The spread of the plant Curcuma However, many grown on the island of Java, the Moluccas and Kalimantan. Characteristics of Wild Ginger grows as a shrub without the stem. Starting from the base of the petiole has a long standing upright. Plant height between 2 m / s to 2.5 m. Long leaves are round like a banana leaf where the stem leaves close to each other to form the stem. These plants can be grown in the fertile lowland with an altitude of 750 m above sea level, this plant can be harvested after 8-12 months with traits such as leaf yellowing want to die. Tubers will grow at the base of the stem is dark yellow or light brown with a diameter of 15 cm length and 6 cm, it smells a little spicy and a little bitter. turmeric has long been used for generations by our ancestors to treat jaundice, diarrhea, heartburn, bloating and fatigue.

Benefits of Turmeric Medicinal Plants. Turmeric is a medicinal plant and is an annual shrub (perennial) scattered throughout the tropics. Plant and wild turmeric thrives around the forest / former garden. Thought to originate from Binar at an altitude of 1300-1600 m above sea level, there is also a saying that turmeric comes from India. In Java, turmeric is widely used as a medicinal herb because efficacious soothing, cleaning, drying, relieves itching, and tingling cure. The main benefits of the turmeric plant, namely: as a traditional medicinal materials, industrial raw materials and cosmetic herbs, spices ingredient, farms etc.. Besides, the rhizome of the turmeric plant is also useful as an anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, preventing cancer, anti-tumor, and lower levels of blood fats and cholesterol, as well as a blood purifier.


Bitter (Andrographis paniculata), is a kind of herbaceous plants in the family Acanthaceae, which originated in India and Sri Lanka. Sambiloto can also be found in other regions, such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, as well as some places in the Americas. Andrographis genus has 28 species of herbs, but only a few are medically efficacious, one of which is Andrographis paniculata (bitter). Many bitter leaf contains compounds Andrographolide, which is a bicyclic diterpenoid lactone compound. Bitter chemical compound was first isolated by Gorter on tahun1911. Andrographolide has liver protecting properties (hepatoprotective), and proven to protect the liver from negative effects galaktosamin and paracetamol. These properties are closely related to the activity of certain metabolic enzymes. Sambiloto has long been known to have medical properties. Ayurveda is one of the ancient Indian system of medicine which includes bitter as a medical herb, which is called by the name bitter Kalmegh on Ayurveda. In addition to protecting the heart nutritious, bitter also can suppress the growth of cancer cells. This is due to the active compound, namely Andrographolide, lower enzyme expression CDK4 (cyclin-dependent kinase 4).

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